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歐盟評估卡波姆作為新型食品添加劑的安全性
2021-08-13 

歐盟評估卡波姆作為新型食品添加劑的安全性

   食品伙伴網訊  2021年8月11日,據歐盟食品安全局(EFSA)消息,歐盟食品添加劑和調味劑(FAF)研究小組就交聯丙烯酸聚合物-卡波姆(carbomer)作為新型食品添加劑的安全性發表科學意見。

 

  經過評估,專家小組認為,如果固體食品補充劑的建議最大使用水平降低到申請人報告的典型使用水平,接觸卡波姆不會引起安全問題。部分原文報道如下:

 

  The EFSA Panel on Food Additives and Flavourings (FAF) provides a scientific opinion on the safety of crosslinked polyacrylic acid polymers (carbomer) proposed for use as food additive in solid and liquid food supplements. Carbomer is formed from the monomer, acrylic acid, which is polymerised and crosslinked with allyl pentaerythritol (APE). The polymers are synthesised in ethyl acetate using ■■■■■ as free-radical polymerisation initiator. In vivo data showed no evidence for systemic availability or biotransformation of carbomer. Carbomer does not raise a concern regarding genotoxicity. Considering the available data set, the Panel derived an acceptable daily intake (ADI) of 190 mg/kg body weight (bw) per day based on a no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) of 1,500 mg/kg bw per day from a sub-chronic 13-week study in rat, applying a compound specific uncertainty factor (UF) of 8. At the proposed maximum use levels, the exposure estimates ranged at the mean from 1.1 to 90.2 mg/kg bw per day and at the p95 from 12.5 to 237.4 mg/kg bw per day. At the proposed typical use level, the exposure estimates ranged at the mean from 0.7 to 60.2 mg/kg bw per day and at the p95 from 10.3 to 159.5 mg/kg bw per day. The Panel noted that the maximum proposed use levels would result in exposure estimates close to or above the ADI. The Panel also noted that level of exposure to carbomer from its proposed use is likely to be an overestimation. Taking a conservative approach, the Panel considered that exposure to carbomer would not give rise to a safety concern if the proposed maximum use level for solid food supplements is lowered to the typical use level reported by the applicant.

 

  本文由食品伙伴網食品資訊中心編輯,供網友參考,有任何疑問,請聯系news@foodmate.net。

歐盟評估卡波姆作為新型食品添加劑的安全性

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