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歐盟評估銀納米顆粒用于食品接觸材料的安全性
2021-08-13 

歐盟評估銀納米顆粒用于食品接觸材料的安全性

   食品伙伴網訊  2021年8月9日,據歐盟食品安全局(EFSA)消息,歐盟食品接觸材料、酶和加工助劑(CEP)研究小組就銀納米顆粒(silver nanoparticles)用于食品接觸材料的安全性發表科學意見。

 

  經過評估,專家小組得出結論,如果該物質在聚合物(如聚烯烴、聚酯和苯乙烯)中以高達0.025% w/w的含量用作添加劑,并且在與含水食品和食品模擬物接觸時不會膨脹,則不會引起消費者的安全擔憂。部分原文報道如下:

 

  The EFSA Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes and Processing Aids (CEP) assessed the safety of the additive silver nanoparticles intended to be used in plastics. All the silver particles are in the size range of 1–100 nm, with about 15 nm mean diameter and 99% by number of particles below 20 nm. The additive is intended to be used as a surface biocide at up to 0.025% w/w in non-polar plastics for contact with a wide variety of foods, times, temperatures and food contact surface/mass of food ratios. The particulate form is maintained when the additive is incorporated into plastics, albeit with some aggregation/agglomeration observed. The data and information on theoretical considerations, on specific migration and abrasion tests show that, under the intended and tested conditions of uses, the silver nanoparticles stay embedded in the polymer, do not migrate and resist release by abrasion, thus, do not give rise to exposure via food and to toxicological concern. There is migration of silver in soluble ionic form up to 6 μg/kg food from the surface of the additive particles. This is below the group restriction of 50 μg silver/kg food proposed by the AFC Panel in 2004 and would lead to a maximum exposure from FCM that would be below the acceptable daily intake (ADI) of 0.9 μg silver ions/kg body weight (bw) per day established by ECHA. Therefore, the Panel concluded that the substance does not raise safety concern for the consumer if used as an additive at up to 0.025% w/w in polymers, such as polyolefins, polyesters and styrenics, that do not swell in contact with aqueous foods and food simulants. The Panel noted, however, that exposure to silver from other sources of dietary exposure may exceed the ADI set by ECHA.

 

  本文由食品伙伴網食品資訊中心編輯,供網友參考,有任何疑問,請聯系news@foodmate.net。

歐盟評估銀納米顆粒用于食品接觸材料的安全性

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